Rawalpindi, ordinarily referred to as Pindi (Punjabi: پنڈی), could be a town within the geographic region, Pakistan. it’s the fourth largest town in Asian country by population whereas along side neighbour town of capital of Pakistan it forms the country’s third largest metropolitan space. The economy of city is interlinked with capital of Pakistan and conjointly square measure referred to as Twin Cities. Rawalpindi city is that the body seat of the city District.[1]

The city is found on the Pothohar tableland that is thought for the existence of a Buddhist community notably in neighbour city of Taxila, that could be a United Nations agency World Heritage website.[2] town was destroyed throughout the invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni before being appropriated Gakhars UN agency went onto the name town as city in 1493. In 1765, Gakhar’s wherever defeated as city became a part of the Sikh Empire. {the city|the city|town} became a part of nation dominion in 1849 and in 1851 became the biggest garrison town for nation Indian Army.[3] once the partition of Asian country in 1947, {the town|the town|town} became home to the headquarters of Asian country Army thus holding its standing as a serious military city.[4][5]

The city received a serious boost with the beginning of the development of capital of Pakistan in 1961 that saw larger investment and even enjoyed a quick stunt because the country’s temporary capital.[6] The modern town is interlinked with capital of Pakistan with the majority commutation to capital of Pakistan, notably because of the presence of many suburb’s in city.[7][8] the city pindi is additionally a serious transit purpose because of presence on the Grand main road and presence of Benazir aerodrome and also the under-construction Liaquat aerodrome.[9]The town is additionally a holidaymaker attraction because of its historical haveli’s, whereas it’s a preferred transit purpose for tourists visiting Rohtas Fort, Azad geographical region, Taxila and Gilgit-Baltistan.[10][11][12]


Rawalpindi has been thickly settled for thousands of years; it’s believed that a definite culture flourished on this tableland as way back as c. 1000 BC. the fabric remains found at the location prove the existence of a Buddhist institution up to date to Taxila, and of a sacred text civilisation, the near city Taxila is home to the world’s oldest university and meusam – Takshashila University.[13] In Takshashila, 19 km (12 mi) north-west of urban center, traces of a minimum of fifty five stupas, twenty eight Buddhist monasteries, 9 temples, a copper plate inscribed with the name Takshashila, a jar with Kharoshthi script among different things are found.[14]

Sir Alexander Merce Cunningham known bound ruins on the location of the military quarters with the traditional town of Ganjipur or Gajnipur, the capital of the Bhatti tribe within the ages preceding the epoch. Graeco-Bactrian coins, at the side of ancient bricks, occur over a region of five hundred HA (2 mi²). famous among historical times as Fatehpur Baori, urban center fell into decay throughout one in all the Mongol invasions within the ordinal century.[15]

It seems that the traditional town went into oblivion as a results of the White Hun devastation. the primary Muslim trespasser, Mahmud of Ghazni (979-1030), gave the ruined town to a Gakhar Chief, Kai Gohar. The town, however, being on associate invasion route, couldn’t prosper and remained deserted till Jhanda Khan, another Gakhar Chief, fixed it and named it urban center when the village Rawal in 1493.

Mughal rule

Rawalpindi remained below the rule of the Gakkhars below the suzernaity of the Mughal Empire till Muqarrab Khan, the last Gakkhar ruler, was defeated by the Sikhs below Sardar Milkha Singh Thehpuria (Pindvala) in 1765. this native army unit lines mark the location of a battle fought by the Gakhars below their far-famed chief grand Turk Mukarrab Khan in 1765. Sardar Milkha Singh invited traders from the neighboring business centers of Jhelum and Shahpur to settle within the territory.[15]

Afghan and Sikh rule

After the third Battle of Panipath in 1761, Afghans below Ahmed crowned head Abdali annexed the region as a part of the dominion of Asian country. Early within the nineteenth century urban center became for a time the refuge of crowned head Shuja, the exiled king of Asian country, and of his brother crowned head Albizia saman. crowned head Shuja had the Koh-e-Noor Diamond on him in Rawalpindi; the Sikhs knew concerning it and had him provides it up in city to prince Ranjit Singh in 1814. urban center was taken by the Sikh ruler prince Ranjit Singh in 1818 once defeating the Afghans. urban center remained a part of the Sikh Empire until the defeat of the Sikh Empire at the hand of British archipelago Company in 1849.

British rule

 The Mess Hall, Rawalpindi
Queen Victoria’s Statue sculpted in England was placed in the city during the rule of the British Empire, 1939

Family Guest House